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Brief history


Key moments in the evolution of diplomatic relations:
- December 11, 1991 - Romania was the second State to recognize the independence of Azerbaijan;
- June 19, 1992 - diplomatic relations have been established between the two States;
- November 3, 1998 - opening of the Romanian Embassy to the Republic of Azerbaijan;
- May 21, 2001 - opening of the Embassy of the Republic of Azerbaijan to Romania.

In recent years, several bilateral high-level contacts were held: visits at the level of Head of States, Foreign Ministers, parliamentary level, which all have boosted the bilateral relations. In 20 years that have passed since the establishment of diplomatic ties, the Romanian-Azerbaijani relations have witnessed a remarkable development, always upward. As a direct result in 2009 the bilateral relations reached the level of a Strategic Partnership.

The establishment of a Strategic Partnership between Romania and the Republic of Azerbaijan, with a focus on energy, was approached for the first time in the framework of the official visit in Azerbaijan made by President Traian Băsescu (October 11-12, 2006). A first step towards the realization of the following high-level agreements was the signing, on 12 March 2008, of the cooperation agreement between the Ministry of Economy and Finance of Romania and the Ministry of Industry and Energy of Republic of Azerbaijan.

Following these proceedings, on September 28-30, 2009 the "Declaration on the establishment of a strategic partnership between Romania and the Republic of Azerbaijan" was signed on the occasion of the official visit in Romania of H.E. Mr. Ilham Aliyev, President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. On April 18-19, 2011, on the occasion of the official visit in the Republic of Azerbaijan of the President of Romania, Mr. Traian Băsescu, the “Action plan for the implementation of the Strategic Partnership between Romania and the Republic of Azerbaijan” was also signed.

Also, in the energy sphere, a Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Economy, Trade and the Business Environment from Romania and the Ministry of Industry and the Economy from Azerbaijan was concluded (2 February 2010), which aims at attaining the necessary framework for the supply of natural gas and crude oil from the Caspian Sea to Romania, in liquefied form, within the Azerbaijan-Georgia-Romania (AGRI project). On May 12, 2010, the Ministers of economy and energy from Romania, Republic of Azerbaijan and Georgia signed, in Tbilisi, the Protocol on the establishment of the Project Company AGRI. On September 14, 2010, a Political Declaration, supporting the AGRI project, was signed in Baku by Presidents of Romania, Republic of Azerbaijan, Georgia and the Prime Minister of Hungary.

Beginning with January 1, 2009, Romania has taken over from Turkey, the NATO Contact Point Embassy (CPE) mandate in the Republic of Azerbaijan, for the period 2009-2010. In September 2010, Romania was awarded the second term of the CPE, for the 2011-2012 period.
 

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